Update at 2:19 p.m. ET on 2/18/2016: Simply hours ago, Apple apologized and accepted that Error 53 was indeed a mistake and not a deliberate security feature. “This was created to be a factory test and was not intended to affect customers,” Apple said to TechCrunch. They likewise released an updated version of iOS 9.2.1 that fixes Error 53, effectively “unbricking” phones disabled by the problem and preventing it from happening in phones repaired outside of Apple’s network. iFixit techs are verifying the fix in our lab and will certainly update once we have actually results.
This is a triumph for consumers and a clear concession that independent repair is an crucial section of the ecosystem.
Until recently, not lots of people knew regarding Error 53, the strange, seemingly-inexplicable glitch that quietly turns working iPhones in to iPaperweights. Scattered across the Internet, reports had emerged for months of people whose phones were forever disabled after an iOS update. Then, very suddenly, the error hit the fan. In response to an investigation that I assisted The Guardian with, Apple confirmed that Error 53 was real, and it targeted phones that had been repaired by anyone others compared to Apple.
Specifically, Error 53 is triggered by repairs—made by the owner or an independent repair shop—that affect the residence button and its flex cable. Why the big fuss over such a little button?
An iPhone’s residence button—along with its embedded fingerprint sensor—is paired to a phone at the factory. Thanks to entropy, sometimes residence buttons break; sometimes they grab replaced once users swap out a shattered screen. once you replace an original residence button along with a different one, iOS detects the hardware change. And it shuts down Touch ID for good (which is a good security feature). Only Apple has actually the tech to make the finish transplant—remapping the sensor to sustain Touch ID valid. however for some, the loss of Touch ID is worth an otherwise functioning phone. Many people don’t live anywhere near an Apple store—so they go to a local shop or they do the repair on their own.
I don’t believe Error 53 was intentional—I believe it was a mistake. however I believe it’s a mistake that Apple is taking advantage of.
Post-repair, those iPhones don’t have actually Touch ID—however life goes on. Owners use their passcode for security instead—they go on Snapchatting and selfie-ing as before. Sometimes for months. Until they plug in to iTunes and update iOS. Then, boom! Error 53, and a bricked phone.
I run iFixit, the free online repair manual. Our community of repair experts insight people fix their electronics—and we sell the portions and tools for repairs. Error 53 has actually been lighting up our forums for months. once the error made national headlines, people asked me: Is Apple attempting to kill the third-party repair industry?
Officially, Apple says no. They say that Error 53 is a security measure—or as Apple put it, “Error 53 is the result of security checks created to protect our customers.” An Apple spokesperson likewise told The Guardian,
We protect fingerprint data using a secure enclave, which is uniquely paired to the touch ID sensor. once iPhone is serviced by an authorised Apple service provider or Apple retail store for changes that affect the touch ID sensor, the pairing is re-validated. This check ensures the device and the iOS features related to touch ID stay secure. Free of this unique pairing, a malicious touch ID sensor could be substituted, thereby gaining access to the secure enclave. once iOS detects that the pairing fails, touch ID, including Apple Pay, is disabled so the device remains secure.
Apple is serious regarding security. It has actually led the charge to protect users’ data and privacy—from end-to-end encryption in iMessage to pushing spine versus the FBI seeking a backdoor in to phones. Its policy proposals are spot-on. Google’s silence on end-to-end encryption is deafening. Tim Cook’s outspoken stand in favor of personal privacy is principled and technically sound.
That said, I’ve got a couple bones to pick.
As far as I can easily tell, Error 53 is not a security measure. Any much more compared to using an iPhone 5—a phone that’s never had a fingerprint sensor to start with—is a security risk.
A phone along with a third-party replaced residence button is is still “protected by passcode lock and iCloud lock,” says iDevice expert Jessa Jones. “‘New’ residence buttons that do have actually a fingerprint sensor (i.e. one from one more original iPhone) do not have actually functional Touch ID because it is not the original button. Apple Pay by Touch ID is already disabled. Just what gain is there to brick the phone at update?”
If the problem is abuse of the Touch ID function, then great, swapping residence buttons disables that functionality—problem solved. There’s no evidence that a “malicious” or “fraudulent” touch ID sensor even exists. I know the aftermarket backward and forward, and my connections in Asia and about the globe have actually no knowledge of any malicious parts. OK, OK maybe the malicious portions haven’t been invented yet. however is Apple really going to be that forward-thinking? According to its upgrade cycle, I ought to be throwing this phone away in favor of the iPhone 7 in a little over 6 months.
Apple likewise told The Guardian that “when an iPhone is serviced by an unauthorised repair provider, faulty screens or others invalid components that affect the touch ID sensor could trigger the check to fail… ” That sounds reasonable, however Error 53 has actually nothing to do along with faulty aftermarket parts. We’ve reproduced the error along with brand-new OEM parts from a different iPhone. Error 53 is a matter of section synchrony, not bad parts.
Writes Jones: “The statement from Apple is one more ‘dig’ at independent repair in the battle to grab people to stop fixing their phones and Simply upgrade already.”
I’m forced to agree. It’s no secret that Apple has actually been resistant to repairs outside of its network. Unlike others manufacturers adore Dell and HP, it limits outside access to replacement parts, service information, and service tools. At the moment, Apple has actually the ability to “re-validate” a Touch ID sensor. Owners and professional repair techs don’t. I don’t believe Error 53 was intentional—I believe it was a mistake. however I believe it’s a mistake that Apple is taking advantage of.
Such tactics aren’t new.
As early as 1956, IBM got in major trouble after refusing to enable third-parties to repair or upgrade its machines. So did Kodak in 1992. And so did Avaya in 2014. There are lots of much more examples—however the courts have actually been clear: you can’t make a monopoly about repair.
Despite the legal precedent, electronics makers usually default to ‘no’ once it pertains to outside repairs. Nikon, for example, made headlines in 2012 once it stopped selling replacement parts to independent repair shops—funneling repairs rather to its own centers. That same year, Toshiba drew the ire of consumers once it demanded the mass takedown of service manuals from a repair tech’s website. Or there’s the HTC One, which was nearly impossible to disassemble and fix—unless you had a super secret tool that apparently only HTC possessed.
There are some electronics makers that are doing it right, like Fairphone—which sells replacement portions and provides service guide to anyone that asks. however companies adore that are much more the exception compared to a rule.
They shouldn’t be.
Repair is repair—whether it’s auto repair or iPhone repair.
When you swap the tires on your Ford Explorer, you must rebalance them. You don’t have actually to go to Ford for that—the corner repair shop has actually the tools to do it. Most wouldn’t put up along with any automaker that limited maintenance to “authorized” repair shops. If you want to, you can easily pay a bit much more to go to the dealer—however (and here’s what’s important) that’s your choice.
Why do we have actually this choice? Because somebody fought for your right to grab your vehicle fixed where you want. however those laws got outdated, and so manufacturers started restricting independent access to electronic diagnostics—arguing that modern security called for these precautions to protect owners versus thieves and hackers. (Sound familiar to Error 53?)
It’s a familiar tune and voters were sick of it. So sick, in fact, that Massachusetts voters overwhelmingly passed a Right to Repair law in 2012, giving independent vehicle technicians access to the same diagnostic tools, service information, and security reset software that the dealer’s mechanics have. Once the law passed in Massachusetts, automakers agreed to apply the same terms nationwide.
Repair is repair—whether it’s auto repair or iPhone repair. As a repair professional, I have actually a bias, of course. however it’s a bias in favor of fixing a problem. Error 53 is a manufactured problem. Apple ought to concentrate on Just what they do best—manufacturing products—and spine off on making problems. Owners ought to be able grab their phones repaired where they please: at home, along with the original manufacturer, or along with an independent repair shop.
Just last week, iFixit (my organization) teamed up along with dozens of others repair shops, reuse organizations, and recycling companies to launch repair.org—a group that represents consumer and professional repairers. We’re fighting for your right to repair your stuff. We’ve already helped introduce legislation in several states that would certainly enable consumers to grab their products repaired where they please.
Because no company ought to be allowed to destroy your phone in a fit of jealous rage, Simply because you decided to date a different repair shop.